Returns in the world
Assisted voluntary returns and reintegration (AVRR) have been provided worldwide for nearly four decades. Over the past 10 years the programme has helped more than 1.5 million migrants, who used the human, dignified and safe return home, and arranged returns to more than 170 countries worldwide. Read more information.
The assistance within the AVRR Programme has been provided by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) since 1998 based on the Agreement on Cooperation between the IOM and the Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic on the assistance with the return of unsuccessful asylum seekers and illegal migrants to the country of origin.
In total, IOM assisted 1,497 foreigners who returned to 66 countries from 2004 to 31 December 2018, on average more than 100 migrants per year. The majority returned to Moldova (16.23%), China (12.09%), Viet Nam (11.56%), Iraq (8.88%) and Serbia – Kosovo (7.15%).
Returns by age
The number of returnees in the period of 2004 to December 2018 in the age group 0–17 years accounted for 8.02% of all returnees, the share of the age group 18–30 years is 50.1%, while 37.21% of people who returned within the AVRR Programme were aged 31–50 years and 4.68% were migrants over 51 years.
Return statistics according to sex
In the period from 2004 to December 2018 the share of male foreigners who returned within the AVRR programme was 78.75%, female migrants accounted for 21.25%.
Reintegration assistance to migrants after returning home
From 2009 until the end of 2018 IOM provided reintegration assistance to 259 individuals or families in 35 countries in the whole world. They received reintegration assistance in the amount of 387,534.69 euro.
In 2018 IOM Slovakia assisted 34 individuals or whole families who returned to Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iraq, China, Macedonia, Moldova, Pakistan, Serbia, Turkey, Ukraine and Viet Nam. For the first time IOM also supported the reintegration of foreigners after their return to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ethiopia, Gambia and Tunisia. In 2018, IOM provided the returnees with reintegration assistance worth of €47,544.48, which they mainly used to set up small business activities, for the house reconstruction, for temporary accommodation assistance, for covering education expenses or to combine several types of assistance.
In 2017 IOM provided reintegration assistance worth of € 27,842.25 to 22 individuals or whole families that returned to Afghanistan, Georgia, India, Iraq, Moldova, Pakistan, Serbia – Kosovo, Ukraine and Viet Nam. For the first time IOM implemented reintegration assistance also in Ghana and the United States. Returnees used the reintegration assistance mainly to set up small business activities, for material assistance for the house reconstruction and for temporary accommodation assistance.
In 2016 IOM Slovakia provided reintegration assistance to 20 individuals or whole families that returned within the AVRR programme to Afghanistan, Belarus, Brazil, Cuba, India, Iraq, Iran, Peru, the Philippines, Russia, Thailand, Ukraine and Viet Nam. They used the reintegration assistance in the value of €31,483.26 mainly for business activities, for ensuring basic living needs and for covering education expenses.
In 2015 IOM Slovakia provided reintegration assistance worth of €31,275.53 to 17 individuals or whole families that returned within the AVRR programme to Georgia, India, Kenya, Serbia – Kosovo, Mexico, Moldavia and Viet Nam. They used the reintegration assistance mainly for business activities and for ensuring basic living needs – material assistance and temporary accommodation assistance.
In 2014 IOM Slovakia provided reintegration assistance in the amount of €43,229.98 to 29 individuals or whole families after their return to Afghanistan, Brazil, Georgia, China, India, Iraq, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldavia, Namibia, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, Turkey, Ukraine and Viet Nam. From various types of offered assistance migrants were mostly interested in business start-ups, material assistance and temporary accommodation assistance.
In 2013 the total volume of reintegration assistance was €44,737.79. The assistance was provided by IOM Slovakia to 31 individuals or entire families who returned to country of origin within AVRR Programme and who applied for reintegration grant. Reintegration assistance was delivered in Afghanistan, Armenia, China, India, Iraq, Serbia – Kosovo, Moldova, the Russian Federation and Viet Nam, and included support of education, businness, material assistance, temporary accommodation and health care for returnees.
In 2012 IOM Slovakia the returnees with reintegration assistance in the value of €42,122.28. A total of 27 cases consisting of individuals or whole families who opted for assisted voluntary return and applied for reintegration assistance were assisted with reintegration grant. The assisted cases originated from Vietnam, Moldova, Armenia, China, Iran, Macedonia, Nepal, the Russian Federation, Serbia – Kosovo, Thailand, Turkey and Ukraine.
In 2011 IOM Slovakia assisted in 26 cases – to individuals or entire families, who returned to Georgia, Serbia (including Kosovo), Moldova, Viet Nam, Ukraine, Armenia, Iraq and Azerbaijan. IOM provided returnees with reintegration assistance in the form of services and goods reimbursement in the total amount of €35,783.79.
In 2010 IOM Slovakia assisted with reintegration of 33 individuals or families after their return to Georgia, Moldova, Serbia (including Kosovo), Viet Nam and the Russian Federation in the form of services and goods reimbursement in the total value of €45,060.90.
Voluntary Return and Reintegration in Country of Origin (Individual Project). The project is co-funded by the European Union from the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF). Home Affairs Funds.